With the ETIAS visa waiver set to be introduced in late 2022 for travelers to France, many people want to know what the situation will be for travelers who have dual citizenship.
Individuals who are citizens of more than one sovereign state frequently have questions about travel requirements. Having more than one nationality has many benefits, but can also bring doubts about which rules apply to you.
Find out how dual citizenship affects ETIAS in this quick guide.
Do Dual Citizens Need a Visa or ETIAS?
Some travelers with dual citizenship will need to apply for ETIAS to visit France, while others will not. This depends on the citizenships that each individual traveler holds.
Some travelers can enter France with nothing but their passports; others will need ETIAS; nationals of certain countries require a visa.
However, not all countries permit their citizens to hold a second nationality. If one of their citizens took another citizenship, they would have to renounce their previous citizenship. For this reason, it is important to check the citizenship policy of your country of birth.
Dual French Citizenship
People who have French citizenship in addition to another nationality or nationalities do not need to apply for ETIAS. As long as one of their citizenships is French, they are able to enter France with only their passport.
They are also able to travel to any other country in the European Union (EU) due to the free travel policy, which applies to all French citizens, regardless of whether or not they have a second citizenship.
EU and Schengen Dual Citizenship
Citizens of other EU countries are also free to visit France without applying for ETIAS or a visa. This applies to individuals who only have one citizenship and to those who have multiple nationalities.
For example, someone with dual Irish and Brazilian citizenship could enter France with their Irish passport alone; no ETIAS or visa would be required.
Any dual citizen with an EU passport can take advantage of the free travel policy to visit other EU countries as well as France, using only their passport.
Most EU countries are also members of the Schengen Area, as are Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Iceland.
Dual citizens who are nationals of one of these countries will only need to show their passport in the first Schengen country they arrive in, after which they will be able to travel freely between states within the Schengen zone without having to show their passport.
Non-EU and Schengen Dual Citizenship
Travelers who are dual citizens of 2 sovereign states outside the EU and Schengen Area will need to apply for the relevant documentation to visit France.
For eligible nationalities, this will mean an ETIAS; for others, it will mean a Schengen visa.
As long as at least one of your nationalities is on the list of countries that are eligible for ETIAS, you will be able to apply for one. The advantage of this is that the ETIAS application process is simpler than that of a visa and can be done online rather than going to an embassy.
For example, a dual American-Canadian citizen must apply for ETIAS. Learn more about who needs ETIAS for France.
Do Dual Citizens Need a Visa?
People with dual citizenship do not need a visa to visit France if at least one of their citizenships is:
- An EU country (including France itself)
- A Schengen country (including France itself)
- One of the countries eligible for ETIAS (these travelers must apply for ETIAS instead of a visa)
Travelers who hold no nationalities in these categories must apply for a Schengen visa. For example, a dual Russian-Kazakhstani citizen would have to apply for a visa to enter France or any other Schengen country.